Japanese Candlesticks

In the 1700’s a Japanese man named Munehisa Homma, a trader in the Osaka rice futures market, developed a method of technical analysis to analyze the price of rice contracts known as candlestick charting. Homma used Sakata’s Five Methods, patterns derived from rules used by local traders from his hometown of Sakata, as the foundation for his Candlestick Charting analysis.

Candlestick charts display the high, low, open, and close for a security each day over a specified period of time, in a format similar to a bar chart, but in a manner that extenuates the relationship between the opening and closing prices. A narrow line (shadow or wick) shows the day’s price range. A wider body marks the area between the open and the close, referred to as real body. If the close is above the open, the body is white or green (not filled); if the close is below the open, the body is black or red (filled). Steve Nison is credited with popularizing candlestick charting in the west and is seen as a leading expert on their interpretation.

Anatomy of Japanese Candlesticks

Bullish Candlestick (Closes higher than it’s open)

Bullish Japanese Candlestick

Bearish Japanese Candlestick (Closes lower than it’s open)


Bullish Reversal Candlestick Patterns

A reversal pattern is one that indicates possible change in trend direction. Market trend must be bearish leading into the bullish reversal formation.

Long White Body, Hammer, Bullish Engulfing Pattern, Bullish Harami, Bullish Harami Cross, Piercing Line, Bullish Doji StarEvening Doji Star, Bullish Meeting Lines, Three White Soldiers, Morning Star, Morning Doji Star, Bullish Abandoned Baby, Bullish Tri Star, Bullish Breakaway, Bullish Three Inside Up, Bullish Three Outside Up, Bearish Three Outside Down, Bullish KickingThree Stars in the South, Concealing Baby Swallow, Bullish Stick Sandwich, Homing Pidgeon, Ladder Bottom, Marubozu

Bullish Continuation Candlestick Patterns

Continuation patterns appear in the middle of an existing trend and suggest that the trend will resume once the pattern is complete.

Bullish Separating Lines, Rising Three Methods, Bullish Side by Side White Lines, Bullish Three Line Strike, Bullish On Neck Line, Bullish In Neck Line, Marubozu

Bearish Reversal Candlestick Patterns

Hanging Man, Shooting Star, Bearish Belt Hold, Bearish Engulfing Pattern, Bearish Harami, Bearish Harami Cross, Dark Cloud Cover, Bearish Doji Star, Bearish Meeting Lines, Three Black CrowsEvening Doji Star, Bearish Abandoned Baby, Bearish Tri Star, Bearish Breakaway, Bearish Three Inside Down, Bearish Three Outside Down, Bearish Kicking, Ladder Top, Two Crows, Deliberation, Three Buddha Top, Three Mountains Top, Tweezer Top, Marubozu

Bearish Continuation Candlestick Patterns

Bearish Separating Lines, Bearish Side by Side White Lines, Bearish Three Line StrikeBearish On Neck Line, Bearish In Neck Line, Marubozu

Candlesticks that Reflect Indecision

Spinning Top, Doji, Long Legged Doji, Gravestone Doji, Four Price Doji

Daily Candlestick Play Instructions

Bullish Harami Candlestick Play Instructions
Bearish Harami Candlestick Play Instructions
3 Black Crows Candlestick Play Instructions
3 Soldiers Candlestick Play Instructions
Long Red Candlestick Play Instructions
Long Green Candlestick Play Instructions
Bullish Thrusting Line Candlestick Play Instructions

Weekly Candlestick Play Instructions

Bullish Harami (Weekly) Candlestick Play Instructions
Bearish Harami (Weekly) Candlestick Play Instructions
3 Black Crows (Weekly) Candlestick Play Instructions
3 White Soldiers (Weekly) Candlestick Play Instructions