Phi: The Golden Ratio

Also referred to as the golden mean, golden section, golden number or divine proportion, the golden ratio is a number, approximately 1.618, that possesses many unusual mathematical properties. Over two thousand years ago phi was identified by Euclid because of it’s crucial role in the construction of the pentagram. Since then the ratio has been … Read more

Leonardo Fibonacci Biography

Leonardo Pisano, now better known by his nickname Fibonacci, also sometimes used the name Bigollo, which may mean good-for-nothing or a traveller. He was born in Pisa, Italy around 1170. At the time, Pisa was an important commercial town and had links with many Mediterranean ports. He was the son of Guilielmo Bonacci, a diplomat … Read more

Benoit B. Mandelbrot and Fractal Geometry

The celebrated mathematician Benoit B. Mandelbrot was born in Poland in 1924. He coined the term fractal – an important concept in the geometry of nature and chaos theory- and he is largely responsible for the present interest in fractal geometry. Fractal geometry tries to describe the objects and shapes of the real world – … Read more